Stages of Pet Periodontitis: What Most Pet Owners Don’t Know

Among the veterinarians’ most widespread clinical conditions is pet dental disease, commonly called periodontal disease. When you think about that, many grown-up canines and felines show signs of the ailment when they enter the age of three. This comes as not a surprise. Animal oral illness can lead to discomfort, missing teeth, infection, and even damage to important organs if left unattended. So, what are the stages of it?

What Are Pets’ Periodontal Disease Stages?

Plaque film and tartar (hard plaque) accumulate on the teeth above and below the periodontal line, causing gum illness in pets. When neglected, periodontal health problems can result in substantial discomfort, dental infection, bone and missing teeth, and even systemic damage. Dental disease in pets can be categorized into four phases:

1. Gingivitis Stage

Gingivitis, an inflammation of the periodontal brought on by the appearance of tartar and microorganisms, characterizes this early stage. You might observe some swelling in your gums. A pale red line on the gum tissues near the teeth might appear throughout this stage. This build-up aggravates the gum tissue and encourages bacteria to grow.

It damages the teeth’s supporting tissues, including the periodontal and the coarse connective tissue that joins the roots of the animal’s teeth to the surrounding alveolar bone. Visit a vet website like if your pet has any form of the dental condition and needs professional treatment.

2. Early Periodontitis Stage

This stage happens when just a slight degree of bone loss is seen on oral radiographs, less than 25%. You may see gum swelling, poor breath, and visible plaque and tartar on your animal’s teeth. Your pet will need professional cleaning at this phase to get rid of all plaque and tartar and hinder the development of dental ailment. If you’d like some advice on how to help your pets recover from dental illness, click here.

3. Modest Periodontitis Phase

Stage three of moderate periodontitis creates severe oral damage, with 25 percent to 50 percent bone loss seen on dental radiographs. Periodontals will be swollen and irritable, and they will most likely bleed a lot. Gum pockets are developed when the gum link to the tooth is lost. Your animal might likewise have foul breath and be in a lot of pain. Infected and/or damaged teeth will certainly require removal.

Cleaning your animal’s teeth at home is also a crucial part of their continual dental health regimen. It just takes a minute a day. Your veterinarian will be pleased to show you how to clean your animal’s teeth correctly and resolve any problems you might have regarding oral disease. Grooming your pet daily and routine examinations and dental cleanings will help your pet live a healthier and more comfortable life.

4. Chronic Periodontitis Stage

In acute periodontitis’s fourth and final stage, 50% or more bone loss is seen on oral radiographs. This indicates severe, persistent periodontal disease. This occurs when bacteria from your animal’s mouth enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. Your animal remains at risk of losing many teeth, systemic infections, and harming internal organs. Your pet’s annual wellness visit must include a dental evaluation. 

Your veterinarian can determine the succeeding stage in your animal’s oral treatment. An animal hospital like Orange veterinary hospital can determine this after an extensive assessment of their mouth and after you report any signs or issues you’ve discovered. To safeguard the wellness of their teeth and treat any type of problems brought on by periodontal ailment, many animals need regular cleanings done while they are under anesthetic.