A Guide for Pet Owners on Diagnostic Tests

A Guide for Pet Owners on Diagnostic Tests

Although a physical examination of your pet by your veterinarian can reveal a lot, some disease symptoms necessitate additional examinations to be identified. Moreover, it’s essential to recognize what’s happening inside pets even when they seem healthy; this rule doesn’t apply to unwell animals. To ensure your pet is as healthy on the inside as they look on the exterior, here is a rundown of the essential diagnostic examinations we could advise.

Blood Chemistries

Blood tests are often recommended for pets in good health, those getting ready for anesthesia, and those sick. The body’s major organ systems may be evaluated swiftly and non-invasively by interpreting many tests in combination with one another (profiling).

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

Monitoring unwell patients receiving treatment using objective data from CBCs is essential. Some disorders or diseases have symptoms but don’t appear until your pet is severely ill. A veterinarian can likewise examine internal organs like the liver and kidneys to determine their health. These tests can identify several treatable problems.


Like blood tests, urine tests help veterinarians determine your pet’s internal health. A urinalysis performed annually during a dog wellness exam might reveal underlying medical issues, including kidney or bladder infections. Vets can see the state of their pet’s interior health thanks to the findings of this test.

Fecal Exam

Two times a year, veterinarians examine your pet’s stool for indications of intestinal disease and parasites. They’ll look for things like blood, mucus, and irregular consistency or color when they examine the feces for noticeable symptoms of an ailment. In addition to these treatments, they utilize a microscope and the fecal flotation technique. The most common parasites are whipworms, hookworms, and intestinal roundworms. The feces may include little worm fragments or their eggs.

Heartworm Testing

Your pet will benefit more if heartworms are found sooner. In the blood veins of the heart and lungs, heartworms are internal parasites that flourish. A fecal examination can not find them since they are not digestive system inhabitants. A yearly blood test is recommended even if your dog or cat is on heartworm medication.

There are two ways to avoid heartworms: a monthly prescription for a pill, a chewy treat, a spot treatment applied at home, or an annual preventive injection given by the doctor at the same time as a dog & cat vaccination.


For some reason, a vet could recommend getting an X-ray. The most prevalent ones include checks for malignancy, difficulties with fractured bones, and potential trauma. Testing on the animal’s muscles, lungs, pneumonia, and arthritis may be recommended by the vet. Additionally, they could examine a pet for foreign objects or blockages in the stomach.


Vets can use an ultrasound to evaluate the organ structure in their pets. Your dog or cat won’t experience any discomfort or harm from the sound waves that the ultrasound generates. To make an exact diagnosis of the medical problems affecting your pets, vets employ ultrasounds. Aside from ultrasound, other diagnostic pieces of equipment are available at a full-service clinic; go check it out.


Blood tests enable doctors to set a “baseline” for each dog or cat. Since it allows the veterinarian to understand any changes in blood test results more precisely, this is particularly important if the pet becomes unwell. Healthy pets can have blood tests and other diagnostics done to look for hidden issues that your vet may be able to address before they worsen. Liver illness and diabetes are two examples. No matter how slight, body chemistry changes may indicate a potentially treatable problem.