A Labyrinthitis Overview: What You Should Know About This Condition?

The ears are a human body part mostly neglected and overlooked. People constantly regard this area as risk-free from possible infections. However, this connotation is often negated by healthcare professionals. In fact, numerous ear-associated conditions prevail in the medical field. Included in the list is an inner ear disorder called labyrinthitis. This article is specifically written to explain the concept behind this illness.


Anatomically speaking, the inner ears are developed with a canal-like and bone-enclosed structure called a labyrinth. This incorporates the two most vital parts of the human body, primarily in charge of individuals’ sense of hearing and balance.


First is the cochlea, which is a hollow and spiral-shaped bone. It plays a significant role in relaying the sounds perceived from the external environment to the brain. The resonation waves generated are converted into electrical impulses. Subsequently, these signals can be interpreted by the human mind as frequencies understood as messages.

Vestibular System

Second, the vestibular system contains an intricate set of fluid-filled channels responsible for regulating the human body’s equilibrium. This structure conveys information to the brain regarding spatial orientation. It permits the synchronization of movements with balance as a reaction to both self-induced and externally created forces.

Clinical Significance

Clinically speaking, when the nerves within these structures are infected, it can lead to total chaos. Suppose both of these inner ear portions are harmed. In this case, these cannot correctly convey auditory and equilibrium signals to the brain. Consequently, a person’s hearing and balancing capabilities might be impaired, leading to a condition called labyrinthitis.

Signs and Symptoms

The manifestations of labyrinthitis can change from manageable to severe, which will undoubtedly fade after quite a while. Nevertheless, this can resurface once the head moves around. Fortunately, this condition does not usually meddle with pain perception.

Numerous signs and symptoms can be associated with labyrinthitis. This can include dizziness, disequilibrium, nausea, unstable stare, vomiting, and hearing loss. However, the most prevalent and life-threatening one is vertigo.

For this reason, it is vital to learn the ideal practices on how to deal with vertigo through this link. This is a necessary preventative measure to ensure a safe and sound recovery, preventing it from progressing into a more severe case.   

Risk Factors

Generally, labyrinthitis can emerge from two types of risk factors. It can be from bacterial or viral infections. The difference between these two is the severity and treatment.

Viral Labyrinthitis

The widespread causes of labyrinthitis often develop as a result of viral infection. This usually transpires when viral microorganisms unexpectedly invade the common pathways within the body, such as the chest, nose, mouth, and throat.

Consequently, these intrusions can lead to various diseases like cold flu, chickenpox, measles, mumps, hepatitis, and shingles. The manifestations of these conditions can significantly weaken the inner ears, yielding to labyrinthitis. But if left untreated, this can lead to a vertigo-associated condition called persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD).

Bacterial Labyrinthitis

If the viral type primarily originates from mild infectious varieties, bacterial labyrinthitis is the opposite. It is rare and severe as the pathogens involved can enter when the inner ear is broken.

This can ensue due to an infection within the middle ear or brain lining. The first one is chronic otitis media, which causes a fluid accumulation that can advance to the inner ear. While the latter is termed meningitis, where germs from the outside invade the labyrinth.



The sole objective of medication is to reduce the signs and symptoms brought on by labyrinthitis. Because of this, there are countless over-the-counter drugs readily available for the public to purchase. Antihistamines are the leading prescription for this category. Nevertheless, antibiotics, corticosteroids, and sedatives might be advised for severe labyrinthitis.


Labyrinthitis is typically associated with vertigo, resulting in loss of balance. So, to manage this issue, the physician will probably introduce the patient to a physical therapy program called vestibular rehabilitation. This exercise-based treatment program is conducted to reduce dizziness complications, thereby strengthening equilibrium and steadiness.

Online Program

Professionals disclosed a detailed guide aiming to attain improved self-betterment: rock steady for tinnitus and vertigo. This online toolkit promises to get your lives back on track by devoting 15 minutes of your time per day through a neuroplasticity program. It aims to modify and rewire the neural connections within the body to regain the standard performance of the different human systems.